National Education Policy 2020: Future Oriented
You may hear about NEP 2020, but wait…. What is this? Yes, here we are going to discuss this NEP 2020. This is a bold decision taken by the Indian Government which turns the whole education system. So we are going to know about “National Education Policy 2020” (NEP)
The new “National Education Policy 2020” (NEP) which is approved by the “Union Cabinet of India”. This decision was taken on Wednesday, 29th July 2020. This policy made a change in our education policy which we all want to be changed from a longer period of time.
The 1st National Education Policy (NEP) was framed in the year 1968 and last changed in the year 1992. And this year it changed after 28 years with huge changes in it. This National Education Policy 2020 will be going to be more progressive and efficient for the upcoming young generations. So we are going to know about all the factors of policy.
Pre-School Education will be going to universalized. It means pre-school will not just be about eating your Tiffin it will be more conventional about study and knowledge.
In this system, a proper syllabus will be made \ guided by NCERT (National Council of Educational Research and Training) for Pre School.
NCERT is a government organization which is set up to assist the qualitative improvement in school education of India. The Pre School Education will be going to Play-Based and Activity-Based. Proper training will be going to give all Pre School Teachers to carry forward this policy effectively.
2. NATIONAL MISSION ON FOUNDATIONAL LITERACY
This policy will concentrate special attention to early language and mathematics in Grades of 1-5. The Policy aims to ensure every student in Grade 5 and beyond must achieve foundational literacy by 2025.
For this purpose, capacity building in teacher, a strong syllabus framework, engaging learning material for both online and offline purposes, learning outcomes and their measurement, valuation in techniques, tracking of learning pointer, assessment techniques, tracking of learning progress, etc. will be designed to take it forward in a systematic fashion.
This Policy will cover the learning needs of nearly 4 crore Indian children in the age group of 3 to 11 years.
3. ACTIVITY BASED LEARNING:
Activity-based learning is going to be student-centric (Student oriented) and experiential. This learning will work as a core of education. This will indicate learning should be acquired from the experience. The learners are thus actively engaged with the content which will be taught both mentally and physically. And It results in increasing varied experiences to the students in building their knowledge, skills, and values for life. And this ultimately leads to a boost in self-confidence of learners because they explore both familiar and unfamiliar concepts in creative ways.
Benefits of Activity-Based Learning:
• Long-term memory retention
• Develops curiosity and analytical thinking
• Builds social skills
• Gives them a real-life connection
• Encourages students to express themselves
4. 5+3+3+4 STRUCTURE
Now we had a 10+2 pattern. where till 10th Grade we had common subjects. But in this edited pattern government made a change in it.
Here we get 3 years for Pre-School
Till 5th Grade learning will be in the form of discovery and experiential learning. This leads born in eagerness in students about study and results in happy learning.
Sometimes understanding becomes very difficult at a younger age. Hence up to 5th-grade regional language or mother tongue will be used as a medium of instruction and this is compulsory. This helps students to easily understand because they will familiar with their mother tongue.
In 6th to 8th Grade, the Subject Introduction and Exploration will be introduced.
And after that, The Secondary Stage will contain four years of multidisciplinary study. This will build subject depth, critical thinking, and attention to life aspirations with flexibility for student choice. Like for example during this course of learning a student can take up Bakery while learning Mass Media or MBBS.
This is works as educational Approach where there will be theory as well as practice.
5. A BREAKDOWN OF ALL STAGES:
• Foundational Stage (age 3-8 years): Rapid brain development; learning based on play and active discovery
• Preparatory Stage (age 8-11 years): Building on play and discovery; begin the transition to structured learning
• Middle Stage (age 11-14 years): Learning concepts in subjects; begin navigating adolescence
• Secondary Stage (age 14-18 years): Preparation for livelihood and higher education; transition into young adulthood.
6. 21ST CENTURY SKILLS
The syllabus will be more down towards Scientific and Mathematical Temper to increase the problem-solving abilities in every student. This will help students to be more analytical.
Before the age of 18, the Mathematical and Permutational ability of students can be shaped.
Coding will be introduced right from the 6th Grade. Technology will be extensively used in teaching.
7. NO RIGID SEPARATION
From this policy, there will not be any separation between any streams. If Arts, Science, Curricular and Co-curricular streams, all these will going on the same level.
Even MUSIC AND SPORTS will also taught as Subjects.
8. REDUCTION IN SYLLABUS
There will be a reduction in the syllabus because of this it will be easier to focus on the Core Concept of education.
We have a very heavy syllabus because of which we face very difficult to develop soft skills. Hence the syllabus will be limited to what is actually important.
Here students will be introduced to project-based learning. So they can understand the practical aspect of the subject.
9. BAGLESS DAYS
After class 6th, students GET 10 “BAGLESS DAYS” IN A YEAR during which they will be exposed to the vocation of their choice.
They can go to a local shop or a restaurant and understand how it works.
It will work like a “MINI INTERNSHIP” for students and will be considered in their assessment.
Our traditional report card had just 2 dimensional. Where our marks, attendance and our behaviour were written and calculate.
But this 360° judgment will go to 3 step division.
The result will include:
• Self Assessment
Here the student will evaluate himself/herself based on his learning’s in the academic year and what are his EXPECTATIONS FOR THE FUTURE.
This will do nothing but INCREASE SELF AWARENESS and make the students more accountable.
• Peer Assessment
This will include the evaluation from the classmates. Like the students, they spend more time with their classmates. Here they might give in suggestions here which they think their fellow mate should improve on.
• Teacher Assessment
The final assessment will be given by the teachers how it was traditionally. The student to teacher ratio will be 30:1 this will make it EASIER for the TEACHERS TO PAY INDIVIDUAL ATTENTION.
The overall assessment will be done with help of artificial intelligence(AI) so that after 12th Grade students will have a blueprint of all the skills they’ve learnt, what skills they’ve mastered and what they want to do now.
11. Higher Education
1. Multiple Entries
If one wishes to drop out and then continue again after a fixed time. You can do it.
The years won’t be wasted. You will have a CREDIT BANK and you can TRANSFER YOUR CREDITS TO THE NEXT YEAR or next course. For every course, you will be given academic credit.
If you complete a year and take a break, you can continue then continue from the second year. If you complete 2 years you will get a Diploma. If you complete 3 years you will get a Degree. One can apply for a job after 3 years of the degree. And if you want to go in a field of research the 4th year will be completely based on it.
Like school even colleges will be MULTIDISCIPLINARY you can take up subjects of your choice along with your majors.
The STUDENTS CAN OPTION FOR THESE SUBJECTS without losing academic credibility and it will ensure Personal as well as Professional Development.
3. National Mission on Mentoring
We all know how important it is to have mentors and this is exactly what the board is planning for the future. We sometimes feel unmotivated and in such times proper guidance is required to protect from failure. There will be MENTORS who have excelled in their field to guide the students who want to do the same.
4. Fee Limitation
The Union Cabinet going to provide a certain fee limit mentioned by the government for all the universities and colleges. And hence no institution will be allowed to take fees extra fees or beyond that. There will be common and standard norms which are set for Public and Private Higher Education Institutes.
• UG Program – 3 – 4 years
• PG Program – 1 – 2 years
• Integrated Bachelor’s Degree + Master’s Degree – 5 years
• M-Phill Degree going to discontinued from above.
And this is all about National Education Policy 2020 Thanks for reading.
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