Chakravarti samrat ashoka
Samrat Ashoka a great Indian Emperor of the “Maurya Dynasty”, who ruled almost all the Indian Subcontinent from 268 to 232 BCE. He is also known as “Chakravarti Samrat Ashok ”. He was the grandson of the founder of Maurya Dynasty named “Chandragupta Maurya”. Samrat Ashoka promoted the spread of Buddhism across ancient Asia.
Born in Patliputra in BCE 268 and died also here in BCE 232. Samrat Ashoka died during his 37th regnal year, which shows that they died around 232 BCE.
Considered by many to be one of India’s greatest emperor, Ashoka expanded Chandragupta Maurya’s empire to reign over a realm expands from present-day Afghanistan in the west to Bangladesh in the east. It covered the entire Indian subcontinent excepts some parts of present-day Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala. The capital empire Of Maurya Dynasty was Patliputra in Magadha Rajya (In modern-day Patna), with provincial capitals at Taxila (Taxshila) and Ujjain.
Beyond the edicts of Ashoka, biographical information about him replies on legends written centuries later, such as the 2nd century CE “Ashokavadana” and in the Sri Lankan text “Mahavamsa” which means “Great Chronicle”. The emblem of the modern Republic of India is an adaption of the Lion Capital of Ashoka. Their Sanskrit name “Asoka” means “Painless, without sorrow”. In his edicts, he referred to as Devanampriya means “The beloved of Gods” and Priyadarshani or Priyadarshi.
Chakravarti Samrat Ashoka Buddhism waged a destructive war against the King of Kalinga state (Modern Odisha). which he conquered in about 260 BCE. he converted to Buddhism after witnessing the mass death of Kalinga war. which he had waged out of a desire for conquest. Hence it reportedly directed resulted in more than 1,00,000 deaths and 1,50,000 deportations.
he still remembered for the “Ashoka Pillar” and edicts, for sending Buddhist monks to Srilanka and Central Asia and for establishing monuments marketing several significant sites in the life of “Gautama Buddha”.
While legends suggest that ‘King Bindusara’ (Father of Ashoka) disliked Ashoka because of his rough skin, they also state that Bindusara gave him important responsibilities, such as suppressing a revolt in “Takshashila” and “Governing”. This explains that King Bindusara was impressed by the other qualities of the Samrat Ashoka. Another possibility is that Bindusara sent Samrat Ashoka to distant regions to keep him away from the imperial capital of the Dynasty.
Chakravarti Samrat Ashoka Buddhism was a violent person before his conversation to Buddhist monks. Ashoka’s own inscription mentions that he conquered the Kalinga region during his 8th regnal year. The destruction caused during the war made him repent violence and in the subsequent years. hence, he drawn towards Buddhism. Edicts of Ashoka rock Inscription expresses the great remorse the king felt after observing the destruction of Kaling’s.
After a conversation to Buddhist monks, Ashoka collects 7 out of 8 relics of Gautama Buddha. and had their portions kept in 84,000 boxes made gold, silver, cat’s eye and crystal. He ordered the construction of 84,000 stupas throughout the earth, in towns that had a population of 1,00,000 or more.
Ashoka’s rock edicts suggest that during his 8th – 9th regnal years, he made a pilgrimage to the Bodhi tree. And started propagating Dhamma and performed social welfare activities. It Include the establishment of medical treatment facilities for humans and animals, plantation of medicinal herbs. along with digging of wells and plantation of trees along the roads